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Two New PhD Scholarships at the Centre for Advanced Studies in Biomedical Innovation Law (CeBIL), Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen

CeBIL, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, invites applications for two fully funded three-year PhD scholarships. We are looking for candidates with innovative and original ideas. 
Successful candidates can start on 1 May 2019.  
About CeBIL  
The Centre for Advanced Studies in Biomedical Innovation Law (CeBIL) explores the legal challenges and the rapid developments in the biotechnological area. CeBIL brings together scholars from some of the world’s leading research institutions in interdisciplinary collaboration as well as stakeholders from industry, government and civil society. Alongside other projects, CeBIL hosts the Collaborative Research Programme for Biomedical Innovation Law (CeBIL Programme). This 5-year research programme (2018-22) is supported by a grant of DKK 35 million from the Novo Nordisk Foundation and involves partners from Cambridge,  Harvard Law School,  Harvard Medical SchoolMichigan,  and the UCPH IFRO.  
The CeBIL Programme focuses on innovation inefficiencies on the life science frontiers through five concrete interrelated studies. The common aim of the five studies is to optimise legal concepts into enabling tools that will help bring novel technologies, research, and biomedicine together for radical innovation – thereby providing much-needed contribution to bridging bio-pharmaceutical innovation gaps, enhancing translational medicine, and promoting technology transfer. An overarching study on Policy & Synergy will ensure continuous knowledge exchange and synergy across the five concrete studies: 
Study 1: Antibiotics 
Study 2: Orphan Drugs 
Study 3: Precision Medicine, Big Data & Artificial Intelligence
Study 4: New Uses 
Study 5: Drug Manufacturing & Biologics 
Study 6: Policy & Synergy 
The objective of the CeBIL Programme is to demonstrate how legal science methods that take careful account of interdisciplinary insights and “real world” perspectives can generate new knowledge about key factors driving pharmaceutical innovation. In addition, such methods will be utilised to examine how innovation incentives, other than patents, can be applied, combined, optimised and conceptualised in order to either substitute or complement patent protection in new areas of crucial medical applications. Within this context, special focus will also be laid on the impact of emerging digital technologies, big data and artificial intelligence.
PhD projects  
The two PhD researchers will be included in the two studies listed below: Studies 1 and 6. The CeBIL management, however, reserves the right to recruit candidates for one of the other four studies instead, should their academic profile and research plan provide an even better fit for the CeBIL Programme as a whole. 
Study 1: Antibiotics 
Against the background of increasing antibiotic resistance and inadequate market incentives, Study 1 will evaluate the legal implications of a number of “push” and “pull” options to tackle these challenges. This includes financial incentives, such as specific IP protection and market exclusivities, health impact funds, crowd-funding, pre-competitive collaborations, PPPs between academia and the industry, and other innovative alternatives, such as “integrated” strategies based on prizes administered by reimbursement systems that require compliance with conservation targets. Among the key questions that will have to be addressed are the following ones: (1) To what extent is there a need to curtail and combine particular push and pull incentives to different classes of antibiotic resistance? (2) What are the pros and cons of purely market-based incentives in comparison to delinkage models in the fight against antibiotic resistance? (3) To what extent would so-called complementary approaches, more public-private collaboration, or “integrated strategies” be helpful in European settings compared to the US and what legal changes would be required to implement such approaches? (4) Do we need to reconsider the already available incentives and definitions in the current “antibiotics” legislation in light of new scientific insights and bio-medical applications? (5) What potential do new forms of therapies based on gene-editing, such as CRISPR-Cas 9 and gene drive, and phage technologies have in the fight against AMR and what are the legal and ethical dimensions? 
Study 6: Policy & Synergy 
As part of Study 6 to develop a framework that integrates law, ethical considerations, economics, science, business and policy to support biomedical innovation, the legal sub-study “Towards an Improved and Sustainable Legal Framework for Biomedical Innovation” will address the following key research questions: (1) What common legal principles can be derived from each of the five concrete studies and how can they be synthesised and organized to form a conceptual framework with a sound underlying legal theory that can be translated into recommendations for new legislation? (2) How can those legal findings be applied to inform and shape both general innovation policy debates and more specific debates, such as on the role that alternative R&D incentives could play in the raging controversy over the patentability of biomedical products and methods? (3) What is the proper role for ethical considerations, e.g. on patient rights and access to medicines? In addition, this study also considers potential disruptions of the existing biomedical value chains through digitalization and artificial intelligence, and assess the opportunities and risks that these new technologies entail. A question that could be asked in this regard is: To what extent may digital technologies help enhance innovation, address innovation inefficiencies, and adopt an adaptive governance of the emerging technologies addressed in Studies 1-5?
Faculty’s Doctoral Training Programme 
PhD students at CeBIL are enrolled in the Faculty of Law’s general doctoral training programme, which provides PhD students with a general set of skills for developing their research and career. This programme involves coursework, international networking, a research visit at a relevant research institution abroad, as well as teaching tasks. Details and requirements can be found on the Faculty's website. Some of the requirements can, however, be fulfilled by participating in CeBIL’s own research training activities.  
  • Applicants must have obtained a degree that corresponds to the Danish Master of Laws or equivalent qualifications. Please visit for more information.
  • Applicants must have obtained a minimum overall grade average of 8.2 or above at the Master’s level in accordance with the Danish grading scale (for Danish scale, see here )  
  • Applicants may submit their application before they have completed their Master’s Degree. In that case, they must have submitted their final thesis before applying for this position and receive their final grades before 1 February 2019.  
  • Applicants must document an aptitude for research through the meritorious assessment of their final thesis, publications or academic recommendations in order to show that they are capable of undertaking the demanding task of writing a PhD thesis.  
  • Applicants must have excellent language skills in English and have excellent communications skills. Applicants must be able to teach at an academic level in Danish or English and to follow PhD courses in English.  
Successful PhD candidates are required to  
  • Actively engage in the research environment at the University of Copenhagen; participate in international conferences, courses and meetings relevant to their research project; 
  • Comply with the formal requirements of the PhD programme;  
  • Contribute to teaching undergraduate and graduate level courses in Danish or English offered by the Faculty of Law; 
  • Conduct independent and high quality research under the supervision of a senior member of academic staff at the Faculty.  
Application procedure  
Click ’Apply now’ below to be taken to the online application form.   
We advise you to have the following documents ready before you begin your online application:  
  • Research project proposal: This should include the following: (1) objective(s) of the research, (2) major research questions, (3) review of relevant literature, (4) methodology to be applied in the research, and (5) a timetable that plans for all course requirements to have been met within three years. The project description must elaborate on the value of the proposed research project in terms of its relevance to existing and future research in the field (maximum 6 pages excluding bibliography). The document must be in Times New Roman, font size 12, spacing 1.5 and all margins of 2 cm (right, left, top and bottom).  
  • Curriculum vitae (maximum 2 pages).  
  • Diplomas and transcripts: Certified copies of original diploma(s) and transcripts (both Bachelor’s and Master’s degree) in the original language and an authorized English translation if they are issued in other language than English or Danish.  
  • Grading scale: A certified explanation of grading scale in the original language and an authorized English translation if it is available in another language than English or Danish.  
  • Supervisor: The name of a member of academic staff whom you wish to have assigned as your supervisor. You do not need to contact the supervisor but simply make a request in your application.  
  • Letter of motivation: Explain the choice of the Faculty of Law at the University of Copenhagen as a host institution for the proposed project and outline how the project fits within the research priorities at the Faculty (maximum 1 page). 
  • Documentation of English level: Documentation of English level can for instance be documented by an excellent IELTS or TOEFL test.  
Submit your application electronically in English.  
Recruitment process   
Following the application deadline, the Dean will pre-select PhD applications that will proceed to the assessment stage upon the recommendation of the Selection Committee. Applicants are pre-selected for further assessment in line with the Faculty’s recruitment needs as described in this job advertisement. This is carried out based on the overall assessment of the applicant’s educational qualifications, the quality of the submitted research proposal and its relevance to the Faculty’s research agenda, and other relevant qualifications (e.g. relevant professional experience, any previous academic publications etc.). All applicants are then notified by the HR Centre as to whether their application has proceeded to the assessment stage. The assessment is carried out by an expert assessment committee. Selected applicants will be notified of the composition of the assessment committee. When the committee has completed its assessment, each applicant has the opportunity to comment on the assessment. A number of qualified applicants will be invited for an interview. Interviews are expected to take place in February/March 2019. 
Terms of employment   
Successful candidates will be employed in accordance with the agreement between the Danish Confederation of Professional Associations and the Ministry of Finance concerning the salary of PhD students. If you are offered a PhD position, you will receive a regular monthly salary in accordance with Danish law and you will be entitled to an annual research budget. The Faculty does not provide accommodation.  
General information   
Can be found on the Faculty’s website 
Can be obtained by contacting the PhD administration by mail to  
Contact at CeBIL: 
Closing date for applications   
The closing date for applications is 1 December 2018, 23:59 GMT +1. Applications received after the deadline will not be considered. Likewise incomplete applications (i.e. without all required documents) will be rejected.  

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Ansøgningsfrist: 01-12-2018
Ansættelsesdato: 01-05-2019
Afdeling/Sted: Det Juridiske Fakultet

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