Vacant PhD scholarship(s) in public procurement law at the Faculty of Law
The Faculty of Law at the University of Copenhagen hereby announces two fully funded PhD positions (3 years) in public procurement law to commence in September 2021. The two positions are part of a broader overall research project aimed at analyzing the rules relating to Central Purchasing Bodies (CPB’s) and explore new ways of conducting competitive procurement procedures. The research project is funded by DFF (Sapere Aude – DFF-Starting-Grant and the Inge Lehmann programme).
The PhD scholarships are fully funded and salaried. PhD positions can commence in September 2021. The start date is negotiable.
The overall research project
Central purchasing bodies conduct procurement procedures on behalf of other contracting authorities. Aggregated procurement can lead to better prices and quality for contracting authorities and ultimately for the tax payers. However, this type of purchasing have often preferences for contracts with a single supplier in order to lower transaction costs, and this puts economic operators in a position in which they need to work together in order to be able to bid for the agreement – and such cooperation can be seen as an anticompetitive agreement (Art. 101 TFEU). Other potential negative effects of aggregation are linked to excessive concentration of purchasing power and collusion, as well as a reduction of market access opportunities for SMEs. The research project seeks to clarify the rules and analyze how competition can be ensured in the specific agreements as well as in the market. The project is divided into 4 work packages (WP1: CPB perspective, WP 2: Undertaking and market perspective, WP 3: User perspective, WP 4: Parallel agreements).
The research project is headed by associate professor Carina Risvig Hamer (PI) more information can be found on the website.
1) A PhD project on CPB’s agreements (part of work package 1)
The focus of WP1 is to uncover the weaknesses of CPBs’ agreements and analyse the legal frame for the different types - and how competition can be ensured in the agreements. The PhD project aims to locate which agreement is the ideal agreement for specific purchases by CPBs. The research will focus on the legal rules for setting up different types of agreements and analyse how competition and equal treatment can best be ensured in these agreements. It will also assess the possibility for taking environmental and social considerations into account, and how this can be done while at the same time maintaining competition and equal access to the agreement.
2) A PhD project on parallel framework agreement (part of work package 4)
Each contracting authority is free to establish its own framework agreement. Many contracting authorities are at the same time also users of a CPB, and in this regard they have two agreements available for the same type of purchases – parallel framework agreements. In principle the two framework agreements compete, which should in theory give better agreements. However, it might also be the other way around as a supplier might not want to give better prices on one agreement than the other and might not see an incentive to participate in the competition for one of the agreements. The aim of the PhD project is to answer the research question: When and how it is possible to create parallel agreements and whether establishing such is beneficial for the competition. The PhD project will undertake both an empirical study as well as answering the legally founded research question concerning the extent to which the creation of parallel framework agreements are allowed under the EU Procurement rules and under EU Competition Law.
The PhD Programme
The PhD will be part of the wider PhD Programme offered by the Faculty of Law. The goal of the PhD Programme is threefold: to prepare candidates for a continuing career in teaching and research; to educate a new generation of scholars to produce high-quality independent research; and to equip them with the analytical and problem-solving skills required for a successful career in both the public and private sectors.
The Faculty of Law offers supervision by highly qualified academics and provides an excellent opportunity to research contemporary legal issues in an intellectually stimulating environment.
Successful PhD candidates are required to:
- Actively engage in the research environment at the University of Copenhagen; participate in international conferences, courses and meetings relevant to their research project;
- Comply with the formal requirements of the PhD programme;
- Contribute to teaching undergraduate and graduate level courses in Danish or English offered by the Faculty of Law
- Conduct independent and high quality research under the supervision of a senior member of academic staff at the Faculty.
- Applicants must have obtained a degree that corresponds to the Danish Master of Laws/ Master of Science (MSc) in Business Administration and Commercial Law or equivalent qualifications. Please visit studyindenmark.dk for more information. Applicants must have obtained a minimum overall grade average of 8.2 or above at the Master’s level in accordance with the Danish grading scale (for Danish scale, see here ).
- Applicants may submit their application before they have completed their Master’s Degree. In that case, they must have submitted their final thesis before June 1, 2021.
- Applicants must document an aptitude for research through the meritorious assessment of their final thesis, publications or academic recommendations in order to show that they are capable of undertaking the demanding task of writing a PhD thesis.
- Applicants must have excellent language skills in English and have excellent communications skills. Applicants must be able to teach at an academic level in Danish or English and to follow PhD courses in English.
Click ’Apply now’ below to be taken to the online application form.
We advise you to have the following documents ready before you begin your online application:
- Research project proposal. The project proposal should not exceed 6 A4 pages (excluding bibliography). The document must be in Times New Roman, font size 12, spacing 1.5 with all margins (right, left, top and bottom) set to 2 cm.
- Curriculum vitae (maximum 2 pages).
- Diplomas and transcripts: Certified copies of original diploma(s) and transcripts (both Bachelor’s and Master’s degree) in the original language and an authorized English translation if they are issued in other language than English or Danish.
- Grading scale: A certified explanation of grading scale in the original language and an authorized English translation if it is available in another language than English or Danish.
- Letter of motivation: Explain the choice of the Faculty of Law at the University of Copenhagen as a host institution for the proposed project and outline how the project fits within the research priorities at the Faculty (maximum 1 page).
- Documentation of English level: Documentation of English level can for instance be documented by an excellent IELTS or TOEFL test.
Submit your application electronically in English.
University of Copenhagen wishes to reflect the surrounding society and therefore encourages all interested parties regardless of personal background to apply for the position.
Following the application deadline, the Associate Dean of Research will pre-select PhD applications that will proceed to the assessment stage upon the recommendation of the Selection Committee. Applicants are pre-selected for further assessment in line with the Faculty’s recruitment needs as described in this job advertisement. This is carried out based on the overall assessment of the applicant’s educational qualifications, the quality of the submitted research proposal and its relevance to the Faculty’s research agenda, and other relevant qualifications (e.g. relevant professional experience, any previous academic publications etc.). All applicants are then notified by the HR Centre as to whether their application has proceeded to the assessment stage. The assessment is carried out by an expert assessment committee. Selected applicants will be notified of the composition of the assessment committee. When the committee has completed its assessment, each applicant has the opportunity to comment on the assessment. A number of qualified applicants will be invited for an interview.
Terms of employment
Successful candidates will be employed in accordance with the agreement between the Danish Confederation of Professional Associations and the Ministry of Finance concerning the salary of PhD students. If you are offered a PhD position, you will receive a regular monthly salary in accordance with Danish law and you will be entitled to an annual research budget. The Faculty does not provide accommodation.
For questions regarding the research project, please contact associate professor Carina Risvig Hamer, email: email@example.com
Information about the recruitment process is available from HR officer Lotte Strandberg HR, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, please refer to ID number: #1 211-0699/21-2H
Closing date for applications
The closing date for applications is 11 May 2021, 23:59 GMT+1. Applications received after the deadline will not be considered. Likewise incomplete applications (i.e. without all required documents) will be rejected.
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